Wartime Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh was a hive of activity in the Second World War. Thousands of American GIs passed through the Orchard County from bases such as Brownlow House.

County Armagh

United Kingdom

County Armagh in the province of Ulster is one of the six counties that make up Northern Ireland. It covers an area of 1,326 square kilometres and has a population of about 174,792.

It shares borders with Co. Down to the east and Co. Tyrone to the north-west. On its north-eastern side is the Lough Neagh.

Tandragee Castle in 1943

In 1943 and 1944, men from the US Army were based at Tandragee Castle in Co. Armagh. The 6th Cavalry Mechanised Division manoeuvred in the area. Photo from Roy Vogan's Tandragee Community Photos collection. Copyright unknown. Used with permission of Roy Vogan.

Geography

The area is known as The Orchard County due to the many apple orchards. The south of the county is rugged and hilly with Carrigatuke, Lislea, and Camlough Mountains as well as Slieve Gullion, the county’s highest point.

History

The county takes its name from the town of Ard Macha, the Irish word for Macha’s Height, thought to be an ancient king who built a site at what is now Navan Fort.

Towns and Cities

Map showing World War Two in Acton, Co. Armagh

World War Two in Acton, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

Villages such as Acton saw a great transformation during World War Two with the arrival of troops from Britain, the United States of America. and Belgium.

Map showing Second World War in Ahorey, Co. Armagh

Second World War in Ahorey, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

The Second World War in Ahorey, Co. Armagh brought a visit from troops from the United States Army who attended a church service in the rural village.

Map showing Armagh City, Co. Armagh in the Second World War

Armagh City, Co. Armagh in the Second World War

Co. Armagh

The city of Armagh, Co. Armagh hosted American GIs during the Second World War and The Mall provided a venue for one of General Patton’s famous speeches.

Map showing Bessbrook, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Bessbrook, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Co. Armagh

Bessbrook is a small village in Co. Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies around three miles north-west of Newry on the main route between Belfast and Dublin.

Map showing World War Two in Blackwatertown, Co. Armagh

World War Two in Blackwatertown, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

World War Two in Blackwatertown, Co. Armagh brought an influx of troops from the United States of America and Belgium to the banks of the River Blackwater.

Map showing Clare, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Clare, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Co. Armagh

Many of those from Clare, Co. Armagh who served in World War Two attended the Presbyterian Church where a plaque commemorates William Alexander Thompson.

Map showing Second World War in Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh

Second World War in Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

The village of Crossmaglen in Co. Armagh has a population of around 1,500. During World War Two, it was the site of Urcher Hill Chain Home Radar Station.

Map showing World War Two in Keady, Co. Armagh

World War Two in Keady, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

Keady is a town in Co. Armagh, Northern Ireland near the border with Republic of Ireland. American GIs had bases around the village during World War Two.

Map showing Loughgall, Co. Armagh in the Second World War

Loughgall, Co. Armagh in the Second World War

Co. Armagh

Loughgall is a small village in the heart of Orchard County, rural Co. Armagh. The population is less than 300 but in 1944 American GIs made a home there.

Map showing Lurgan, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Lurgan, Co. Armagh during World War Two

Co. Armagh

During World War Two, Lurgan, Co. Armagh was a strategic headquarters for the United States Army who made use of Brownlow House to command V Corps.

Map showing Second World War in Portadown, Co. Armagh

Second World War in Portadown, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

Throughout the Second World War in Portadown, Co. Armagh, locals became used to the sight of British, American, and Belgian troops and even German POWs.

Map showing World War Two in Tandragee, Co. Armagh

World War Two in Tandragee, Co. Armagh

Co. Armagh

World War Two in Tandragee, Co. Armagh brought tanks and Jeeps of the United States Army to the rural town while an RAF Spitfire crashed in the countryside.

References

Wikipedia

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