The first official elements of the United States Army arrived in Northern Ireland on 26th January 1942. Operation MAGNET was the codename for the build-up of American troops in Ulster. This Advance Detachment departed from New York, U.S.A. on 6th January 1942.
|Last Name||First Name(s)||Rank||Role|
|Heavy||Edward H.||Colonel||Officer in Charge|
|Adams||Donald B.||Lieutenant Colonel||V Corps Engineer|
|Brenn||Charles E.||Lieutenant Colonel||V Corps Surgeon|
|Woodbury||Grayson C.||Lieutenant Colonel||34th Infantry Division Ordnance Officer|
On 31st January 1942, United States Army Northern Ireland Force conducted its first payday. Troops received British currency with £1 GBP equal to $4.035 USD.
From May 1942, elements of 1st Armored Division, nicknamed the Old Ironsides, were in Northern Ireland with a headquarters at Castlewellan Castle in Co. Down.
During the Second World War, 202nd Engineer Combat Battalion, U.S. Army was in Co. Armagh. Northern Ireland was a proving ground before the Normandy invasion.
2nd (Indianhead) Infantry Division, United States Army was one of several American divisions to deploy troops to Northern Ireland during the Second World War.
American soldiers as part of 34th (Red Bull) Infantry Division were among the first to arrive in the European Theater of Operations, landing in Belfast in 1942.
5th (Red Diamond) Infantry Division, United States Army - sometimes called the Red Devils - served in Northern Ireland during the Second World War.
Headquarters, United States Army Northern Ireland Force (U.S.A.N.I.F.), U.S. Army
Northern Ireland Base Section, redesignated from Northern Ireland Base Command in July 1942, operated from Wilmont House and Ballydrain, Dunmurry, Co. Antrim.