Wartime Co. Tyrone

During World War Two, Co. Tyrone hosted troops from the United States Army as well as the newly formed Belgian Infantry Brigades and a large airfield.

County Tyrone

United Kingdom

County Tyrone in the province of Ulster is one of the six counties that make up Northern Ireland. It covers an area of 3,155 square kilometres and has a population of about 177,986.

It shares borders with Co. Fermanagh to the south-west, Co. Londonderry to the north, and Co. Armagh to the south-east. On its north-eastern side is the Lough Neagh.

Northamptonshire Regiment in Omagh, Co. Tyrone

Imperial War Museum Photo: H 17112 (Part of the War Office Second World War Official Collection). A patrol from 4th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment advance warily alongside a hedge during training in Omagh, Co. Tyrone on 5th February 1942. Photo taken by Lieutenant JR Bainbridge - Official War Office Photographer.

Geography

It is the largest of the six counties in Northern Ireland although historically the lands were much larger, stretching as far as the River Foyle. The county town and settlement with the largest population is Omagh.

History

The county takes its name from the town of Tír Eoghain, the Irish phrase for the land of Eoghan. This was a large Gaelic kingdom ruled by the O’Neills until the 17th century.

Villages and Towns

Map showing World War Two in Ardboe, Co. Tyrone

World War Two in Ardboe, Co. Tyrone

Co. Tyrone

Ardboe is a village in Co. Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It lies near Cookstown and was redveloped during the 1940s with the building of the Cluntoe Airfield.

Map showing Caledon, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War

Caledon, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War

Co. Tyrone

The village of Caledon, Co. Tyrone lies near the border with Co. Armagh. During World War Two, it provided bases for British, American, and Belgian forces.

Map showing World War Two in Dungannon, Co. Tyrone

World War Two in Dungannon, Co. Tyrone

Co. Tyrone

World War Two in Dungannon, Co. Tyrone brought changes to the rural mid-Ulster town with American GIs and German Prisoners of War becoming common sights.

Map showing Fintona, Co. Tyrone during World War Two

Fintona, Co. Tyrone during World War Two

Co. Tyrone

The small market village of Fintona, Co. Tyrone and neighbouring rural areas changed greatly between 1942 - 1944 with the arrival of the United States Army.

Map showing Gortin, Co. Tyrone during World War Two

Gortin, Co. Tyrone during World War Two

Co. Tyrone

World War Two in Gortin, Co. Tyrone brought the might of the United States Military to the quiet mid-Ulster village. 34th Infantry Division arrived in 1942.

Map showing Omagh, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War

Omagh, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War

Co. Tyrone

Omagh, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War became a hub for the United States Military. From 1942, they had bases in castles, manors, and parks in the area.

Map showing Second World War in Seskinore, Co. Tyrone

Second World War in Seskinore, Co. Tyrone

Co. Tyrone

Seskinore, Co. Tyrone in the Second World War became an important distibution post with the arrival of Quartermaster Units of the US Army in November 1943.

References

Wikipedia

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