Northern Ireland's wartime airfields numbered 28 during World War Two. Authorities built many of these in rural areas bringing great changes to the rural landscapes. Both the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Force made use of these bases.
Co. Antrim Airfields
RAF Aldergrove, Crumlin, Co. Antrim
RAF Aldergrove is now an RAF Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station next to Belfast International Airport. It was RAF Aldergrove between 1918 and 2009.
RAF Long Kesh, Lisburn, Co. Antrim
Long Kesh is best known in Northern Ireland as the site of HMP Maze but during World War Two it was a Royal Air Force airfield and hosted the USAAF in 1942.
Aviation Accidents around Northern Ireland
Between 1939 and 1945 many Allied planes came down in and around Northern Ireland. Many were the result of training accidents but others occurred on active service.
Short Sunderland NJ175 crash at Cashelard, Co. Donegal
12th August 2016
Short Sunderland NJ175 was one of many flying boats operating from Castle Archdale, Co. Fermanagh in the hands of the Royal Canadian Air Force 422 Squadron.
Westland Lysander P1731 crash at RAF Sydenham, Co. Down
30th April 2016
Polish Airman Sergeant Edward Lewandowski piloted Westland Lysander P1731 on 30th April 1942. The plane came down after take-off from RAF Sydenham, Belfast.
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley P5041 crash on Mull of Kintyre, Scotland
23rd January 2016
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley P5041 took off from RAF Aldergrove, Co. Antrim on 23rd January 1941. It crashed in poor weather killing all five of the aircrew.
Stinson Reliant FK914 crash on Sawel Mountain, Co. Londonderry
5th January 2016
On 5th January 1944, Stinson Reliant FK914 took off from RNAS Eglinton in Co. Londonderry before coming down on the north-eastern slope of Sawel Mountain.
Corsair JT357 crash at RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down
8th September 2017
On 8th September 1945, the pilot of Chance-Vought F4U Corsair JT357 crash landed and burned out 5 miles south-by-southwest of RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down.
Spitfire BL922 crash at RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down
9th September 2017
On 5th October 1943, Spitfire BL922 came down about a mile away from RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down. The Polish pilot had crash landed less than a month before.
Spitfire EP280 crash at RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down
5th September 2018
On 5th September 1943, the airfield at RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down was the site of the crash of Spitfire EP280. The Polish pilot escaped alive but injured.
Spitfire W3937 crash at RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down
9th September 2017
On 9th September 1943, RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down was the site of the crash of Spitfire W3937. The same Polish pilot would crash again under month later.
Consolidated Catalina JX242 crash at Lough an Laban, Co. Fermanagh
20th November 2018
On 20th November 1944, RAF 202 Squadron's Consolidated Catalina JX242 came down on a rugged Co. Fermanagh hilltop on its return to RAF Castle Archdale.
Grumman Wildcat JV413 crash in Lough Foyle, Co. Londonderry
19th November 2018
On 19th November 1943, Grumman Wildcat JV413 came down in the shallow water of Lough Foyle killing young New Zealander pilot Sub-Lieutenant John Hugh Nurse.
De Havilland Mosquito NS557 crash at Langford Lodge, Co. Antrim
6th August 2018
On 6th August 1944, United States Army Air Force 2nd Lieutenant James E Matuska crash landed De Havilland Mosquito NS557 at RAF Langford Lodge, Co. Antrim.
Short Sunderland W6028 crash near Trory, Co. Fermanagh
9th March 2018
Short Sunderland W6028 Flying Boat took off from RAF St Angelo on 20th February 1944 in a battle training exercise with a Beaufighter from RAF 235 Squadron.
Vickers Wellington HF208 crash on Mount Brandon, Co. Kerry
20th December 2017
Vickers Wellington HF208 crashed on the slopes of Mount Brandon, Arraglen, Co. Kerry. All six Polish airmen on board were killed and are buried in Belfast.
Liberator AL577 crash at Jenkinstown, Co. Louth
7th March 2018
On 16th March 1942, an American Liberator AL577 came down in bad weather near Jenkinstown in the Dundalk vicinity of Louth. 19 young airmen were on board.
Focke-Wulf Condor Crash in Belfast Lough, Co. Down
7th March 2018
In July 1940 a Focke-Wulf Condor laid mines in Belfast Lough sinking of the SS Troutpool. A week later, the Luftwaffe returned with disastrous consequences.
B17 41-24451 crash on Slieveanorra, Co. Antrim
7th March 2018
On 2nd October 1942, American Flying Fortress B17 41-24451 took off from Gander, Newfoundland. The rookie crew would crash on Slieveanorra, Co. Antrim.
Hudson T9328 crash at Cargan, Co. Antrim
16th October 2017
Slieveanee Mountain rises above the townland of Cargan in Co. Antrim. On 16th October 1940, it was the scene of the fatal crash of Lockheed Hudson T9328.
Spitfire R6992 crash in Figullar, Co. Monaghan
20th September 2017
In May 2017, archaeologists from Belfast were part of a team to unearth Spitfire R6992 in Monaghan. Piloted by Gordon Hayter Proctor, it crashed in 1942.
Avro Anson N5372 crash in Ballycastle, Co. Antrim
18th October 2016
On 18th October 1943, Avro Anson N5372 crashed near Ballycastle, killing 3, after many factors contributed to it striking high ground at Knocklayd Mountain.
Lockheed Hudson T9326 crash at RAF Aldergrove, Co. Antrim
30th September 2016
The American-built Lockheed Hudson T9326 experienced technical problems, losing power and coming down soon after take off from RAF Aldergrove, Co. Antrim.