East Belfast centres on the docks in Belfast, Co. Antrim. Socially, it is a mixed area containing some old working class terraced houses, more exclusive residences and the imposing Harland and Wolff cranes.
The demographics of the area are socially mixed although mainly politically unionist. Inner-city working-class areas towards the shipyards give way to more exclusive upmarket areas. Recent redevelopment has ensured a steep rise in house prices.
During World War Two, the area around the docks suffered greatly during the Belfast Blitz of April and May 1941.
The Royal Air Force based at RAF Sydenham operated bomber and fighter squadrons. Meanwhile, the shipyards built some of Britains finest battleships such as HMS Belfast.