Forces in Northern Ireland

Throughout the course of the Second World War, forces from Great Britain, the United States of America, and other Allied nations came to Northern Ireland.

Auxiliary Air Force

Auxiliary Air Force

The Auxiliary Air Force dates back to the 1920s. In 1925, AAF 502 (Ulster) Squadron made history, becoming the first of 21 Special Reserve Squadrons.

Auxiliary Territorial Service

Auxiliary Territorial Service

Established in September 1938, the Auxiliary Territorial Service was for women between 18 and 50 years old. Many served in non-combatative roles in Ulster.

Belgian Army

Belgian Army

In 1945, as the Second World War drew to an end, elements of a new Belgian Army arrived in Ulster. They reformed and retrained throughout Northern Ireland.

British Army

British Army

World War Two began on 3rd September 1939. By October that year, the first waves of British Army infantry troops had begun to arrive in Northern Ireland.

German Prisoners of War

Towards the end of the Second World War, there were many German prisoners of war in Northern Ireland in camps and military hospitals across the country.

Polish Air Force

Polish Air Force

RAF 303 and 315 Squadrons represented the Polish Air Force during the Second World War in Northern Ireland. Both units flew from RAF Ballyhalbert, Co. Down.

Royal Air Force

Royal Air Force

During World War Two, the Royal Air Force operated from airfields across Northern Ireland providing bases for training, U-Boat patrols, and convoy escorts.

Royal Australian Air Force

Royal Australian Air Force

Many personnel from the Royal Australian Air Force died in Northern Ireland while training in Royal Air Force training units during the Second World War.

Royal Australian Navy

Royal Canadian Air Force

Royal Navy

Royal New Zealand Air Force

United States Army

United States Army

The first troops of the United States Army to enter the European Theatre of Operations landed at Dufferin Dock, Belfast, Co. Antrim on 26th January 1942.

United States Army Air Force

United States Navy