Liberator AL577 crash at Jenkinstown, Co. Louth

7th March 2018

On 16th March 1942, an American Liberator AL577 came down in bad weather near Jenkinstown in the Dundalk vicinity of Louth. 19 young airmen were on board.

On 16th March 1942, Consolidated Liberator Mk II LB-30 AL577 crashed in bad weather. The plane came down on Slieve na Glogh on the Cooley Peninsula. A memorial plaque stands today on high ground at Jenkinstown, near Dundalk, Co. Louth, Ireland.

This incident would prove to be the worst airtime crash in Ireland when it came to loss of life. In all, sixteen men lost their lives when the bomber came down.

The Liberator crash on 16th March 1942 was the second of three fatal incidents in this mountainous area of Louth. The other accidents came in the form of a British Hudson bomber in 1941 and an American P-51 Mustang fighter 1944.

RAF 108 Squadron in 1942

RAF 108 Squadron had been serving in North Africa engaging in bombing campaigns. In December 1941, the RAF decided to switch from Wellington bombers to the American built Consolidated Liberator. Its initial success soon led to the entire squadron swapping to the American planes.

RAF 108 Squadron in Egypt

Imperial War Museum Photo: CM 3386 (Part of the Air Ministry Second World War Official Collection). Consolidated Liberator Mark II, AL574 ‘O’, one of the handful of Liberators operated by No. 108 Squadron RAF in the Middle East at this time, parked on a dispersal pan at Fayid, Egypt, with its crew standing in front. Copyright Official RAF Photographer.

In March, a crew of experienced men from 108 Squadron flew back to the United Kingdom to collect new Liberators and return to the front. Their flight would take them from Egypt, across to Gibraltar and across to England.

The Liberator AL577 crash

Liberator AL577 of 108 Squadron HQ Middle East took off from Egypt at 1655hrs on on 15th March 1942. The destination would take them over the Mediterranean and France to RAF Hurn in Dorset, England.

There were nineteen men with full kit on board. A six-man crew operated the plane carrying thirteen passengers from the same squadron. In all, the plane held six pilots, three navigators, three wireless operator/air gunners, and one mechanic. The men were from the English, Scottish, Australian, Canadian, and New Zealander forces.

Shortly after flying over the French coast towards England, the crew experienced their first problems. Reports suggest the plane was ordered to return to Egypt due to bad weather over the British Isles. These orders were acknowledged.

Veering off course in the bad weather, the plane ended up flying over the east coast of Ireland. The crew saw city lights, believed it to be Dublin and set course for RAF Greencastle in Co. Down as they were by then short on fuel.

The American bomber crashed at Slieve na Glogh on the Cooley Peninsula near Dundalk around 1410hrs on 16th March 1942.

Liberator from RAF 108 Squadron

Imperial War Museum Photo: ME(RAF) 3495 (Part of the Air Ministry Second World War Official Collection). Consolidated Liberator B Mark II, AL530 ‘Q’, of ‘B’ Flight, No. 108 Squadron RAF based at Fayid, Egypt, in flight. On the disbandment of the Squadron in December 1942, this aircraft was transferred to the Special Liberator Flight. Copyright Official RAF Photographer.

Accident Report

The aircraft was West of its course and crashed into high ground. As the accident occured in Eire and the evidence available suggested that the cause was due to disobedience of orders and bad navigation, it was considered by Accidents Gloucester, that no useful purpose would be served by ordering an investigation.

Official Incident Report

Fourteen of those onboard died in the incident.Dundalk Hospital, Ireland received the remaining four injured parties. When recovered enough they moved to Daisy Hill Hospital, Newry, then Stranmillis Military Hospital, Belfast.

The transcript from the accident report contains some errors. The RAF would not have had a presence in Ireland at that time. RAF Hurn was near Bournemouth, Dorset, UK. Dundalk, Co. Louth was the scene of the accident.

A letter from the AL577 crew

We ran into the worst weather I have ever experienced in three years of flying. It was almost impossible to see out own wing tips. We all knew we should require a good deal of wireless assistance if we hoped to get down safely. Then the real trouble began – the Wireless Operator could not contact any station in England because of some fault in the wireless equipment due to weather conditions.

We knew we were over England and we lost height to two thousand feet in order to enable us to pinpoint our exact position, but the weather was just as bad at two thousand feet. It would have been unwise to do down any further because of barrage balloons or mountains so we climbed up again and cruised around hoping for the weather to clear, but it did not; instead, it became even worse. By this time we had been in the air over fifteen hours and we were carrying fuel for just over fifteen and half hours.

Bale Out

We were preparing to bale out and chance it but before we could do so someone spotted lights on the ground. The captain immediately dived down over the lights which we knew was Dublin and circled around at above five hundred feet. About this time two of our four engines ceased running and we were unable to climb very well. The captain then headed straight along the coast of Eire to try to land at an aerodrome in North Ireland.

We had been flying for about half an hour after leaving the lights and all this time we were gradually losing height. There was a terrific crash and when I awoke I found myself lying about twenty yards from the machine, which by this time was practically burned out. I tried to stand up, but couldn’t, as I found later in hospital I had fractured my spine in two places. I managed to crawl around in a sort of daze and soon saw there was not much I could do for any of the other chaps in my condition.

So I crawled over the mountainside to look for help, but there was no one in sight, I started to crawl back to the machine but fell unconscious before I got there. I woke up while being carried down the mountain on a stretcher and found that we were not discovered until three hours had elapsed.

Written from Majestic Hotel, No. 7 P.R.C., R.A.F., Harrogate, Yorks, 5th June 1942

The Crew

Passengers

  • Flying Officer James Robert Anderson DFC (795088) -Pilot.
  • Sergeant Cyril Rowland Amos (1182180) – Pilot.
  • Flight Sergeant Lindsay Ross Williams (RAAF 402429) – Pilot.
  • Pilot Officer Wilfred Bertrand Stephens (113267) – Pilot.
  • Flight Sergeant George Buchanan (1060536) – Pilot.
  • Flight Sergeant Herbert William Thornley Sloman (RAAF 402677) – Pilot.
  • Sergeant Thomas Edward Pattison (644625) – Wireless Operator / Air Gunner.
  • Sergeant Sydney Frederick Hayden (910905) – Wireless Operator / Air Gunner.
  • Sergeant Walter Paul Brooks (931402) – Wireless Operator / Air Gunner.
  • Flight Sergeant Carlton Stokes Goodenough (RCAF R/62738) – Navigator.
  • Flight Sergeant Leslie George Jordan (905148) – Navigator.
  • Pilot Officer George Frederick King (RCAF J/15525) – Navigator.
  • Sergeant Andrew McMillan Smith Brownlie (546659) – Engineer / Fitter.

Remembering the AL577

In 1993, people of Louth arranged a memorial plaque to display near the accident site. From the hillside where Liberator AL557 came down, walkers can view the east coast of Ireland. On a clear day, the peak of Sugar Loaf Hill in the Wicklow Mountains is visible. You can find out more information on the crew and passengers throughout the site.

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